Brno
Czech Republic
49.15 ° N
16.68 ° E
246 m
Cool temperate moist forest
Cfb Oceanic climate
+
DCbo Temperate continental climate with warm summer with cold winter
Traditional Koppen classification: Cfb (Oceanic climate)

Official definition:
  • C – temperature of warmest month greater than or equal to 10 °C and temperature of coldest month less than 18 °C, but higher than -3 °C
  • f – precipitation is relatively evenly distributed throughout the year and do not fulfill classification criteria for s or w type
  • b - temperature of each of the four warmest months is higher than 10°C, but the temperature of the warmest month is less than 22 °C

The Cfb climate type is an oceanic type of climate with mild winter and evenly distributed precipitation. Average temperature of all months is less than 22 °C, which is what differentiates it from the Cfa type. Meanwhile at least four months have average temperature of 10 °C or more.

Just like precipitation, also temperatures tend to be relatively constant and differences between day and night are not very big. Precipitation throughout the year are frequent, but not very intense and sometimes even many wetdays in a row can occur. In the winter and in the autumn are common fogs and during the year also thunderstorms.

Winters are mild (temperatures only very rarely drops below 0 °C and if, then only very slightly) and summers nicely warm. Frontal activity causes lot of cloudiness and relatively high humidity in the autumn, winter and spring.

The total annual rainfall ranges usually between 500 and 2500 mm and in the winter it sometimes also snows.

Temperate oceanic climate Cfb can be found for example in the United Kingdom, Western part of France, Germany, on the West coast of Europe, Northern part of Spain, some parts of South America (Southern and Northern tips), in Southeast Australia and New Zealand.


Modern Trewartha classification: DCbo (Temperate continental climate with warm summer with cold winter)

In the Trewartha classification, the category D is like in the Koppen classification, assigned to regions in the temperate zone. The criterion for this type of climate is four to seven months with average temperature of more than 10 °C. In general it is further subdivided into two subtypes: oceanic and continental. These differ in their average temperature of the coldest month.

Temperate climate is characterized by four distinct seasons and there are substantial differences between the temperatures in the summer and in the winter, but the absolute values are not so extreme and the change is gradual.

The continental subtype is typical for regions located more inland and this also means the temperature variation is larger than that in case of the oceanic subtype. The coldest month has an average temperature of less than 0 °C. Summers are usually warmer, while winters colder with snow being quite common.

Continental D climate type can be found for example in parts of Northeast U.S., Central and Eastern Europe and usually these areas are quite densely inhabited.

  • warm summer: warmest month with average temperature between 18 and 23 °C
  • cold winter: coldest month with average temperature between -10 and 0 °C

Summary

8.7 °C
4.4 / 13.3

493.0 mm
146 days

75 %

5 h 10 min/day


Temperature
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Min Temperature(°C) -5.2-3.3-0.23.98.311.312.712.69.55.00.9-3.0 4.4
Avg Temperature(°C) -2.5-0.33.89.013.917.018.518.114.39.13.5-0.6 8.7
Max Temperature (°C) 0.23.18.414.419.522.524.524.220.114.16.61.9 13.3
Range 5.46.48.610.511.211.211.811.610.69.15.74.9 8.9


Max month Min month Annual range
Min Temperature Jul Jan 17.9°C
Avg Temperature Jul Jan 21.0°C
Max Temperature Jul Jan 24.3°C
Temperature range Jul Dec 29.7°C
Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Min Temperature(°C)
Avg Temperature(°C)
Max Temperature(°C)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Min Temperature 8.3 -0.2 4.00 8.5 12.7 11.3 12.20 1.4 9.5 0.9 5.13 8.6 -3.0 -5.2 -3.83 2.2
Avg Temperature 13.9 3.8 8.90 10.1 18.5 17.0 17.87 1.5 14.3 3.5 8.97 10.8 -0.3 -2.5 -1.13 2.2
Max Temperature 19.5 8.4 14.10 11.1 24.5 22.5 23.73 2.0 20.1 6.6 13.60 13.5 3.1 0.2 1.73 2.9

Temperature
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Temperature (°C) -2.5-0.33.89.013.917.018.518.114.39.13.5-0.6 8.7


Max month Min month Annual range
Avg Temperature Jul Jan 21.0°C
Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Temperature (°C)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Avg Temperature 13.9 3.8 8.90 10.1 18.5 17.0 17.87 1.5 14.3 3.5 8.97 10.8 -0.3 -2.5 -1.13 2.2


Humidity
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Humidity (%) 84.081.073.065.067.069.067.068.073.078.084.085.0 8.7


Max month Min month Annual range
Avg Humidity Dec Apr 20.0%
Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Humidity (%)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Avg Humidity 73.0 65.0 68.33 8.0 69.0 67.0 68.00 2.0 84.0 73.0 78.33 11.0 85.0 81.0 83.33 4.0


Precipitation
+

Month Monthly average Annual total
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (mm) 25.024.024.032.061.072.064.057.038.031.038.027.0 41.1 493.0
Wetdays 121110121313131210121315 12 146
Wetdays ratio (%) 38.7
12,19
39.3
11,17
32.3
10,21
40.0
12,18
41.9
13,18
43.3
13,17
41.9
13,18
38.7
12,19
33.3
10,20
38.7
12,19
43.3
13,17
48.4
15,16
40.0
40,60


Max month Min month Max Season Min Season Annual range
Average monthly precipitation Jun Feb, Mar Summer Winter 48.0mm
Wetdays Dec Mar, Sep Summer, Winter Autumn 5
Month
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (mm)
Wetdays / month


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total
Average monthly precipitation (mm) 61.0 24.0 37.0 117.0 72.0 57.0 15.0 193.0 38.0 31.0 7.0 107.0 27.0 24.0 3.0 76.0
Wetdays 13 10 3 35 13 12 1 38 10 4 7 23 15 11 4 38

Precipitation
+

Month Monthly average Annual total
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (mm) 25.024.024.032.061.072.064.057.038.031.038.027.0 41.1 493.0


Max month Min month Max Season Min Season Annual range
Average monthly precipitation Jun Feb, Mar Summer Winter 48.0mm
Month
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (mm)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total
Average monthly precipitation (mm) 61.0 24.0 37.0 117.0 72.0 57.0 15.0 193.0 38.0 31.0 7.0 107.0 27.0 24.0 3.0 76.0


Sunlight / Day length
+

Average daily sunlight Average day length Max day length Min day length Sunlight/Day length
Jan 102 min
1 h 42 min
523 min
8 h 43 min
523,917
560 min
9 h 20 min
(31.1.)
560,880
496 min
8 h 16 min
(1.1.)
496,944
19.5 %
102,421
Feb 174 min
2 h 54 min
609 min
10 h 9 min
609,831
658 min
10 h 58 min
(29.2.)
658,782
563 min
9 h 23 min
(1.2.)
563,877
28.6 %
174,435
Mar 284 min
4 h 44 min
716 min
11 h 56 min
716,724
770 min
12 h 50 min
(31.3.)
770,670
661 min
11 h 1 min
(1.3.)
661,779
39.7 %
284,432
Apr 368 min
6 h 8 min
825 min
13 h 45 min
825,615
874 min
14 h 34 min
(30.4.)
874,566
774 min
12 h 54 min
(1.4.)
774,666
44.6 %
368,457
May 468 min
7 h 48 min
920 min
15 h 20 min
920,520
954 min
15 h 54 min
(31.5.)
954,486
878 min
14 h 38 min
(1.5.)
878,562
50.9 %
468,452
Jun 524 min
8 h 44 min
968 min
16 h 8 min
968,472
973 min
16 h 13 min
(20.6.)
973,467
956 min
15 h 56 min
(1.6.)
956,484
54.1 %
524,444
Jul 530 min
8 h 50 min
943 min
15 h 43 min
943,497
968 min
16 h 8 min
(1.7.)
968,472
908 min
15 h 8 min
(31.7.)
908,532
56.2 %
530,413
Aug 478 min
7 h 58 min
858 min
14 h 18 min
858,582
905 min
15 h 5 min
(1.8.)
905,535
808 min
13 h 28 min
(31.8.)
808,632
55.7 %
478,380
Sep 384 min
6 h 24 min
753 min
12 h 33 min
753,687
805 min
13 h 25 min
(1.9.)
805,635
701 min
11 h 41 min
(30.9.)
701,739
51.0 %
384,369
Oct 232 min
3 h 52 min
644 min
10 h 44 min
644,796
697 min
11 h 37 min
(1.10.)
697,743
593 min
9 h 53 min
(31.10.)
593,847
36.0 %
232,412
Nov 98 min
1 h 38 min
547 min
9 h 7 min
547,893
589 min
9 h 49 min
(1.11.)
589,851
512 min
8 h 32 min
(30.11.)
512,928
17.9 %
98,449
Dec 79 min
1 h 19 min
496 min
8 h 16 min
496,944
510 min
8 h 30 min
(1.12.)
510,930
491 min
8 h 11 min
(21.12.)
491,949
15.9 %
79,417
Year 336 min
5 h 36 min
734 min
12 h 14 min
734,706
973 min
16 h 13 min
(20. 6.)
973,467
491 min
8 h 11 min
(21. 12.)
491,949
45.8 %
336,398



Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Sunlight/day Max Min Average Sunlight/day Max Min Average Sunlight/day Max Min Average Sunlight/day
Average sunlight (min/day) 468 284 373 45.5%
373,447
530 478 511 55.4%
511,412
384 98 238 36.7%
238,410
174 79 118 21.9%
118,423
Day length 954 661 820 973 808 923 805 512 648 658 491 541

Day length
+

Average day length Max day length Min day length
Jan 523 min
8 h 43 min
523,917
560 min
9 h 20 min
(Array.1.)
560,880
496 min
8 h 16 min
(1.1.)
496,944
Feb 609 min
10 h 9 min
609,831
658 min
10 h 58 min
(Array.2.)
658,782
563 min
9 h 23 min
(1.2.)
563,877
Mar 716 min
11 h 56 min
716,724
770 min
12 h 50 min
(Array.3.)
770,670
661 min
11 h 1 min
(1.3.)
661,779
Apr 825 min
13 h 45 min
825,615
874 min
14 h 34 min
(Array.4.)
874,566
774 min
12 h 54 min
(1.4.)
774,666
May 920 min
15 h 20 min
920,520
954 min
15 h 54 min
(Array.5.)
954,486
878 min
14 h 38 min
(1.5.)
878,562
Jun 968 min
16 h 8 min
968,472
973 min
16 h 13 min
(Array.6.)
973,467
956 min
15 h 56 min
(1.6.)
956,484
Jul 943 min
15 h 43 min
943,497
968 min
16 h 8 min
(Array.7.)
968,472
908 min
15 h 8 min
(31.7.)
908,532
Aug 858 min
14 h 18 min
858,582
905 min
15 h 5 min
(Array.8.)
905,535
808 min
13 h 28 min
(31.8.)
808,632
Sep 753 min
12 h 33 min
753,687
805 min
13 h 25 min
(Array.9.)
805,635
701 min
11 h 41 min
(30.9.)
701,739
Oct 644 min
10 h 44 min
644,796
697 min
11 h 37 min
(Array.10.)
697,743
593 min
9 h 53 min
(31.10.)
593,847
Nov 547 min
9 h 7 min
547,893
589 min
9 h 49 min
(Array.11.)
589,851
512 min
8 h 32 min
(30.11.)
512,928
Dec 496 min
8 h 16 min
496,944
510 min
8 h 30 min
(Array.12.)
510,930
491 min
8 h 11 min
(21.12.)
491,949
Year 734 min
12 h 14 min
734,706
973 min
16 h 13 min
(21. 6.)
973,467
491 min
8 h 11 min
(22. 12.)
491,949



Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Max Min Average Max Min Average Max Min Average
Day length 954 661 820 973 808 923 805 512 648 658 491 541

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